Ujjain Travel Guide
Situated on the eastern bank of Kshipra River in the Malwas region of Central India, Ujjain is a place of pilgrimage destinations for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and followers of Shakta. Ujjain is an ideal site for religious tourism in India. The city is home to a plethora of temples and places of worship. This small, peaceful and spiritual city of Ujjain will be hosting Simhastha Kumbh Mela 2016.
Ujjain is situated about 60 kms. from Indore. Ujjain is one of the greatest cities of ancient India and one of the seven sacred cities of Hindus in India. It is also one of the four towns where the Kumbh Mela is held and plays as a host up to a million pilgrims who gather on the place every twelve years. Various people came here to bath in the Shipra river and worship at the temples on its banks. According to Hindu astronomers, it is also the city from where the Tropic of Cancer pass. This explains the presence of the observatory (Vedha Shala) built by the Raja Jai Singh of Jaipur.
Places of Interest in Ujjain
Vedha Shala, Ujjain : Vedha Shala, also known as the Observatory, was a landmark construction by Raja Jai Singh the second, a monarch of the Rajput clan in the 18th century. It ranks among five such observation towers in the country and contains very old astronomical tools.
Mahakaleshwar Temple, Ujjain : Mahakaleshwar or the Mahakal shrine is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. The shrine is a famed and respected temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The shrine houses a Shivling which is believed to be the sole Jyotirling which looks towards the south. Therefore, it is also called in the name Dakshinmukhi or the south looking ling. The Mahakaleswhar temple is the most famous and significant shrine of the city and a must see place when you travel to Ujjain.
Radha Madan Mohan Temple, Ujjain : Sri Sri Radha Madan Mohan Temple has been established by the ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness). The shrine is regarded as a milestone of the Hare Krishna Campaign. The mandir is home to a guesthouse and eating place, and is a top draw for travelers.
Kal Bhairava, Ujjain : According to the Saivite culture, the veneration of the eight Bhairavas is an integral feature of the Hindu customs. The main among these Bhairavas is the Kal Bhairava, assumed to be constructed by the monarch Bhadresen, near the riverbanks of Shipra. This shrine has been cited in the Avanti Khanda of Skanda Purana.
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Museum, Ujjain : The famous museum is situated close to Chamunda tower, and houses a number of historic articles and mementos. As laid down by Hindu mythologies, it is also the area where Lord Krishna was taught with Sudama and Balarama under the guidance of Maharshi Sandipani. The Sandipani Ashram is a testament to this legend.
Bade Ganeshji Mandir, Ujjain : Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir is located over the reservoir close to the Mahakaleshwar Mandir. The place of worship houses an enormous and aesthetic statue of Lord Ganesha, who is Lord Shiva's son. A statue of this dimension and exquisiteness is scarce to be seen.
Pir Matsyendranath, Ujjain : This place is a top tourist draw in Ujjain. Lying on the riverbanks of Shipra, the place is devoted to commemorate one of the saints of the Natha faction of the Saivites - Matsyendranath. The Gadkalika mandir and the Bhartrihari caves are just close by.
Bhartrihari Caves, Ujjain : The Bhartrihari caves lie over the riverbanks of Shipra near the Gadkalika mandir. As cited in mythology, this is the area where Bhartrihari, assumed as the half-brother of Vikramaditya, stayed and engaged in spiritual contemplation once he gave up his material life. Bhartrihari is regarded as an eminent intellectual and bard. The well-known literary creations include Vairagyashatak, Shringarshatak, and Nitishatak. All of them had the superb usage of the Sanskrit language.
How to reach Ujjain
Airport : The nearest airport is in Indore which served by the state of the art Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, about 8 km from the city. It is the busiest airport in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The airport has been operating services by Air India, Jet Airways Konnect, Jet Airways, IndiGo and Ventura AirConnect connecting Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Raipur.
Railway : Ujjain Junction is the main railway station of Ujjain which is 12 km to the east of Ujjain. The former name of this station was Avantikapuri. The main station of Ujjain lies on the Ratlam - Bhopal, Indore - Nagda and Guna - Khandwa route.
Road : Ujjain depends on extensive network of auto rickshaws, tempos, hand pulled rickshaws, lorries and minibuses that operate throughout the city connecting one part with another. UMC has recently introduced city buses with Public Private Partnership project..